Control And Coordination

Control And Coordination

Table of Contents

All the living organisms respond and react to changes in the environment
around them.

The changes in the environment to which the organisms respond and
react are called stimuli such as light, heat, cold, sound, smell, touch etc.

Both plants and animals respond to stimuli but in a different manner.
Control and Coordination in Animals
It is brought about in all animals with the help of two main systems :
(a) Nervous system
(b) Endocrine system
Control and coordination are provided by nervous and muscular tissues.

Nervous tissue is made up of an organized network of nerve cells or
neurons, and is specialized for conducting information via electrical
impulses from one part of the body to another.

Receptors : Are specialized tips of some nerve cells that detect the information
from the environment. These receptors are located in our sense organs.

(a) Ear: « Phonoreceptors
° Hearing
° Balance of the body

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